|Cavalier, Charlie, Cavie
|Affectionate, gentle, lovable
|Tendency to bark
|Low – medium
|This breed has a higher than average probability of developing health issues during its lifetime, hence the cost to insure is above average.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was originally developed by cross breeding the King Charles Spaniel with the Pug, a popular breed amongst the aristocratic class and royals of the 1600’s and 1700’s. The mix produced a spaniel with a shorter pug-like nose and a smaller body size, resulting in the toy profile that is the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s hallmark.
Mary, Queen of Scots was accompanied by a toy spaniel as she walked to her beheading and King Charles II, after whom the breed is named, reportedly never went without at least one or two toy spaniels by his side. In fact, King Charles II loved the little dogs so much that he directed that spaniels be allowed in any and all public spaces – including the Houses of Parliament.
Spaniels of all types remained popular house dogs in England for many years, but no breeding standards were determined until dog shows began to generate interest in the mid-1800s. It would be another one hundred years until the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was officially designated a different breed to the stubbier-nosed King Charles Spaniel. It was only in 1945 that the breed was officially recognised.
Nowadays, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very popular amongst families and the elderly in Australia.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small dog with long, floppy, silky ears, large, round, expressive eyes, a flattish face and a short, stubby nose.
It has a moderately long, soft, wavy coat and a well-feathered chest and tail.
The breed comes in a variety of colours, including black and tan, black and white, red and white (known as Blenheim) and a mahogany red.
|5 to 8 kg
|30 to 33 cm
|Blenheim, black & tan, black & white, red
|Medium to long
Bow Wow Meow is proud to be one of Australia’s most trusted pet insurance companies, and to have been chosen as Product Review’s Pet Insurance Award Winner every year from 2018 to 2024!
This is based on over 2,839 independent customer reviews (as of 31/02/24), with ratings of:
Ultimate Care plan = 4.6*
Peace of Mind plan = 4.6*
Accident Plus plan = 4.5*
Google Review rating = 4.5* (based on 759 reviews)
Trust Pilot rating = 4.7* (based on 501 reviews)
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a fantastic reputation for being very gentle, kind and good-natured. They are very affectionate, and eager to please their humans. Friendly towards strangers, Cavaliers are very people-orientated and need a good deal of human contact.
They are very adaptable dogs who will thrive both with energetic owners, often resulting in their enthusiastic involvement in all activities, and those with reduced mobility. Cavaliers are extremely happy indoors, being the couch potato, and well suited to smaller dwellings like apartments or townhouses, although even a small backyard is best.
Cavaliers get along nicely with children, making them a hit with young families. However, it’s important to supervise them with smaller children; because the Cavalier is small, it may not be as tolerant to provocation as some larger dogs are. It may also be accidently injured by over-enthusiastic toddlers.
The breed generally gets on well with other dogs and can learn to be tolerant of other pets in the home, even cats. Some Cavaliers have a strong hunting instinct and may try to chase (or eat!) birds and other small animals.
The Cavalier was bred to be a lap dog, but as descendants of sporting dogs, they do enjoy moderate exercise and outdoor activities. They will happily go on walks with their owners and even perform well in a number of canine sports, including obedience, rally, and agility. But they are also just as glad to lounge on the sofa all day.
The breed is prone to developing breathing problems in the extreme heat. They aren’t really suited to hot Australian summers, so early morning walks or after the sun goes down is the best way to keep your Cavalier happy and healthy.
Because of the hunting background of the breed, the Cavalier may try to chase cars, bikes, birds and other small animals. Keeping them on a leash or in a fenced area is essential; sadly, many a Cavalier has been hit by an unsuspecting driver.
Training the Cavalier is not difficult because they are smart and eager to please their humans. Positive reinforcement is key. Early socialisation and puppy training are a good way to avoid potential behavioural problems.
The Cavalier should do well on a high-quality, balanced diet that is appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior) and activity level.
Cavaliers can be prone weight gain, so monitor your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Give treats and table scraps in moderation as over-feeding can cause obesity.
If you feed a wet or raw diet, it’s a good idea to cover the ears with a snood, or headband, or pull them back with a hair scrunchy while your Cavalier eats. Otherwise, they’ll end up with food in their fur.
Regular brushing and occasional visits to the groomers are necessary to keep the Cavalier’s coat in top condition.
Cavaliers do shed, especially during spring and autumn.
Not all conditions are covered by Pet Insurance. For details of Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance cover, refer to the Product Disclosure Statement.
Jam packed with news, tips and advice on how to provide the best possible care for your Bow Wow or Meow!