Dogue De Bordeaux

Recommended for: Families
Maintenance Level: Medium
Lifespan: 10-12 years
Loyal, sensitive, active
Health Risk:
High probability of health issues during its lifetime, hence it is one of the more expensive breeds to insure.
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Breed Overview

The Dogue De Bordeaux, also known as the Bordeaux Mastiff or Bordeauxdog, is a large dog of the French Mastiff breed. Their coats are usually fine, short and soft. Dogue De Bordeaux’s usually come in a variety of colours including dark red fawn to light fawn, mahogany, and golden fawn.

Due to their short hair, Dogue De Bordeaux’s shed very little fur making them an ideal pet for those with allergies. There is also no trimming required, just regular grooming once a week.

Female Dogue De Bordeaux’s can grow as tall as 65 cm and weigh up to 60 kg. Male Dogue De Bordeaux’s can reach 70 cm in height and can weigh up to 68 kg. The average life span of this breed is anywhere between 10 to 12 years.

This breed has low levels of exercise needs and low energy levels, making it a very calm and relaxed dog. Although these dogs are easy to train, be sure to exercise them often because they have a high potential of gaining weight.

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Personality and Temperament

This breed has a close bond with its family and they are recommended for families with young children. They don’t enjoy being left alone for long periods of time. They are territorial and very protective of their families so they make for great guard dogs.

Due to their placid nature, they need to be trained in a calm manner so rushing them will not work. It is important to remember that this breed grows really fast. In 8 months it will seem like it is an adult but it is still a puppy. This is important to keep in mind when training and exercising.

Dogue De Bordeaux’s have a strong compatibility with other animals if they are trained and introduced to each other. They also have low barking tendencies.

Common Dogue De Bordeaux Diseases & Conditions

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Hip dysplasia. Dog de Bordeaux can be genetically prone to hip dysplasia, in which the hip joint and thigh bone do not fit together properly, causing lameness and leading to arthritis. They should be x-rayed and cleared of the condition or treated if necessary.

Elbow dysplasia is common in large dog breeds and is believed to be caused by varying growth rates in the dog’s elbow. This leads to joint laxity, pain, and lameness. Surgery is available, but medication and weight loss may be prescribed by a vet to help control the pain.

Eye Entropion. Entropion is a condition which can occur in Dogue De Bordeaux’s and causes the eyelid to roll inwards, which can lead to irritation or injury of the eyeball. Signs include rubbing or scratching around the eye area. It can be treated surgically if necessary.

Other issues. The Dogue De Bordeaux has a high rate of developing liver tumours and other cancers. It is important to constantly get this dog to the vet for check-ups. This breed also has a high risk of gaining a lot of weight so exercise is recommended.

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The roots of Dogue De Bordeaux’s can be traced back to 12th century Bordeaux, France. They were believed to be hunters of pigs, wolves, and bears. Traditionally in those days, the French loved pure-bred dogs so it was seen as a luxury to own a dog with a pink nose, light eyes, and a red mask.

A smaller breed called Doguin De Bordeaux also existed around the same time, but this breed became extinct and there are no apparent pictures of the breed. The original Dogue De Bordeaux’s are believed to have outdated the Bullmastiff and the Bulldog.

It is also believed that this breed is a descendent of the Molossus of Rome.

Over the years they have been used on large estates for hunting and herding as well as working dogs during various wars.

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Dogue De Bordeaux Facts!

  • This dog loves children and is very protective of them.
  • A Dogue De Bordeaux co-starred with Tom Hanks in 1989 movie Turner & Hooch
  • Dogue De Bordeaux’s see time spent alone as a punishment, so it is always recommended to not leave this dog alone for too long or they will think they have done something wrong.
  • They are not very adventurous dogs, so keep this in mind when exposing them to unfamiliar environments.

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