15.07.21

Cat and Kitten Vaccination Schedule & Cat Vaccination Costs

Getting your cat or kitten vaccinated can prevent several serious infections from occurring. If you don’t vaccinate, you could be putting your cat’s wellbeing at risk. Not only a cost-effective way to protect your beloved family member, cat vaccinations can also help you avoid the stress of having a seriously ill pet and the high cost of veterinary treatment.

A range of cat vaccinations are available to help protect your cat from debilitating diseases. In this article we discuss everything you need to know about feline vaccinations, vaccination costs, the recommended vaccination schedule, and potential cat vaccination side effects.

What are cat vaccines and how do they work?

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Vaccines for cats and kittens operate in the same way as they do for humans. Vaccines are health products that trigger the body’s immune system to fight a particular infectious agent, without making the cat (or person) sick or giving it the disease.  In most cases, the germs in the vaccine are weak or dead. In fact some vaccines don’t even contain any of the germs; rather, they simply mimic them.

Vaccinations are designed to stimulate and train your cat’s immune system. After receiving the vaccine, the white blood cells in your cat’s body produce proteins (antibodies) that will, together with other white blood cells, fight the infectious agent (antigens).

It is important to understand that most vaccines work by preventing your cat from becoming sick. While being vaccinated will  prevent your cat from showing symptoms of the disease, it may not necessarily prevent the cat from actually getting the infection. However, their reaction to the infection won’t be as severe if they do get it.

Which are the most common cat and kitten vaccinations?

The Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) categorises recommended cat vaccinations into “core” and “non-core” vaccines.

Core vaccines are those on the cat vaccination schedule that are appropriate for cats regardless of where they live. In Australia, there are three core cat vaccines:

  • Feline herpes virus
  • Feline calicivirus
  • Feline parvovirus / feline panleukopoenia

There are non-core vaccines available for certain other diseases which may be recommend based where the cat lives and its individual lifestyle. These should be discussed with the veterinarian on a case-by-case basis.

Non-core cat vaccinations include vaccinations against the following diseases:

  • Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV)
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
  • Chlamydia felis
  • Bordetella bronchiseptica
  • Feline infectious peritonitis

 

What are F3, F5 and F6 vaccinations?

Cat vaccinations are typically administered in combination, rather than individually. The terms F3, F5 and F6 refer to how many diseases your cat will be vaccinated against.

The F3 Vaccine – Feline 3 (F3) – covers three major diseases:

  1. Feline herpes virus, which is also called viral rhinotracheitis or simply cat flu. This disease occurs commonly in unvaccinated cats. Typical symptoms are nasal discharge, red eyes and gum infections. It can also cause long-term problems like chronic sneezing.
  2. Feline calicivirus, which is another virus that can cause the disease more commonly known as cat flu.
  3. Feline panleukopaenia, also know as cat parvovirus or feline enteritis,  can cause severe, and sometimes fatal, gastroenteritis.

The F5 cat vaccination offers protection against feline herpes, calcivirus and panleukopaenia, along with additional protection against herpes, and chlamydia and feline leukaemia.

The F6 vaccination immunises against all of the diseases included in the F5 vaccine along with the feline immunodeficiency virus (Feline AIDS).

The following diagram summarises the various diseases and which vaccinations cover them:

Cat vaccination diagram

Cat and kitten diseases that can be vaccinated against

 

Feline Panleukopaenia or Feline Enteritis or Cat Parvovirus

Feline panleukopaenia, also known as feline enteritis or cat parvovirus, is a very contagious disease which spreads so easily that specific disinfectant needs to be used to avoid further spreading. This disease can be fatal and the death rate is fairly high amongst kittens who contract it. Cats who contract feline enteritis while pregnant will in most cases lose their young at birth or give birth to disabled kittens.

 

Feline herpes virus & calicivirus – Feline respiratory diseases 

Also known as cat flu, two common feline respiratory diseases are the feline herpes virus and feline calicivirus. Symptoms of these infections include nasal discharge, watery eyes, sneezing and coughing. These respiratory diseases are generally not fatal but can cause distress for the infected cat. They can occur in cats and kittens of any age, are highly contagious, and even after  symptoms resolve, cats can still be ‘carriers’ and continue to spread the infection.

 

Feline Herpes Virus

This disease is marked by fever, which can come and go, as well as sneezing and inflamed eyes. Often there is discharge from the nose and eyes containing mucus and pus which starts off clear and thickens with the progression of the illness. Some cats develop mouth sores and loss of appetite because of the resultant discomfort when eating; weight loss is another common side effect for these cats.

 

Feline Calicivirus

Although the feline calicivirus typically causes few or no signs, in some cats it can develop to pneumonia as a result of fluid build-up in the lungs. It is often impossible to distinguish feline herpesvirus from feline calicivirus infections as the symptoms are so similar.

Feline Leukaemia Virus

Cats can transmit this virus through almost any body fluid, including saliva, tears, urine and even faeces. Animal shelters, cat boarding facilities and multi-cat households place unvaccinated cats at high risk of contracting this virus. because it can easily transmit through litter trays, cat toys, grooming and communal feeding areas.

An infected cat or kitten will show signs of low to no appetite, which generally results in weight loss and subsequent anaemia. Some cats will also experience vomiting and diarrhoea. Over time the immune system may become so impaired that the cat develops tumours and certain cancers.

A blood test can detect if a cat has contracted Feline Leukemia Virus, but sadly there is currently no treatment available, only management of the condition until cancer develops.

 

Feline Chlamydophila

Feline chlamydophila is in fact a feline respiratory disease but it often appears as a type of conjunctivitis or pink eye in cats (i.e. inflammation of the eye tissue). A cat infected with feline chlamydophila also often has either the calcivirus or herpesvirus respiratory disease.

 

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus or Feline Aids

In Australia, a high number of cats are infected with this virus, despite the fact that vaccination can prevent them from receiving and spreading this disease amongst the cat population. As the virus is present in the saliva, it is almost always transmitted through bites inflicted by infected cats.

Some infected cats show no signs of the virus, while others some show symptoms such as fever, swollen lymph nodes, lack of appetite or diarrhoea. Because the virus attacks the cat’s immune system, eventually the cat becomes so weak that it dies from infections that otherwise would not be life-threatening.

Summary of cat diseases that can be vaccinated against

Disease Name

Symptoms

Risk

Included in vaccines

Feline Respiratory Diseases – Feline Herpes virus

Cat flu-like symptoms, including:
– sneezing
– weeping eyes
– coughing
– runny nose
– loss of appetite
– fever
Risks include:
– highly contagious
– weight loss
– distress for catIt is not fatal
F3

Feline Respiratory Diseases – Feline Calicivirus

Cat flu-like symptoms (as listed above) may or may not appear Fluid build-up can lead to pneumonia F3
Feline Panleukopoenia Symptoms are:
– diarrhoea
– vomiting
– high fever
– lethargy
Risks include:
– rapid progression
– highly contagious
– can be fatal
F3 & F5 & F6
Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV) Symptoms include:
– low to no appetite
– diarrhoea
– vomiting
– tumours
Risks include:
– anaemia
– development of untreatable cancer
F5 & F6
Feline Chlamydia Symptoms include:
–  red and inflamed eyes
– discharge from eyes
– sniffing and runny nose
Can cause lung infection in young kittens F5 & F6
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) Symptoms include:
– swollen lymph nodes
– lack of appetite
– fever
– diarrhoea
Risks include:
– highly contagious
– can be fatal if not treated in time
F6

Kitten vaccination guidelines

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Young kittens receive antibodies from their mother’s milk and are therefore protected to some extent in their early stages of life. Over time, the maternal antibodies reduce, and correspondingly, the protection these provide against diseases.

To ensure ongoing protection for your kitten’s first year of life, it is recommended to get the first vaccination from as early as 8 weeks of age. A booster (2nd vaccination) is recommended four weeks after the first vaccination and a further booster (3rd vaccination) should follow four weeks after the second. A kitten can safely go outside ten days after getting its final kitten vaccination.

Your kitten’s second and third vaccinations, or boosters, are necessary because the maternal antibodies decline over the first couple of months; however, until these levels drop sufficiently they can also neutralise the early vaccines given. This is why a series of vaccinations is required to ensure sufficient protection.

To maintain immunity after your kitten has received the three initial vaccinations, further boosters will be required annually, or in some cases, every three years. Please let your vet advise you on required vaccination frequency, as this depends on your cat’s individual needs and lifestyle.

 

Below are some rough guidelines as to what age your kitten should be when receiving its various vaccinations:

Disease Name

Age of Vaccination

Included in Vaccines

Feline Herpesvirus

Feline Calicivirus

Feline Panleukopenia

>6 weeks of age,
then every 3-4 weeks until 16 weeks

F3 & F5 & F6
Feline Chlamydia

>9weeks of age,
two doses 3-4 weeks apart

F5 & F6
Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV)

>8-12 weeks of age

F5 & F6
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)   >9 weeks of age,
two doses should be given 2-3 weeks apart
F6

 

It is also worth noting that microchipping a kitten or cat is mandatory in NSW and some other states in Australia. It is the simplest way ensure that your precious new family member can be identified and traced if he gets lost. If the breeder to shelter hasn’t already microchipped your kitten, we recommend asking your vet to do so at your first visit.

Vaccination side effects

Vaccinations help prevent your kitten from catching some nasty and potentially life-threatening diseases, but you should be aware that vaccinations can potentially cause some minor and extremely rare side effects.

Here are some side effects your cat or kitten can experience after receiving their vaccinations:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Increase in body temperature
  • Lethargy
  • Skin irritation and/or bruising around the injection area
  • Allergic reaction to the vaccine causing vomiting, diarrhoea and shortness of breath

The side effects will usually present themselves shortly after the vaccine has been given, not hours or days later. It is important to stay at the vet for a short time after each vaccination so that the vet can check that your cat does not show any signs of an allergic reaction.

 

Cat vaccination aftercare

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Some kittens and cats will seem a bit more needy and may seek comfort and privacy after their vaccinations, while others will jump around like nothing has happened. Don’t be alarmed if she  doesn’t eat anything or wants to be left alone for the first 24 hours. After that your cat should be back to its usual self.

Here are some tips for caring for your cat following his or her vaccinations:

  • Provide your cat with a warm and quiet place to rest
  • Make sure she has access to water and her favourite food
  • Avoid touching or patting the area where she received the injection, as it may a be a bit sore at the site
  • Avoid rough play for the first couple of days
  • Check up on her regularly to ensure she is comfortable and isn’t showing any side effects

Average cost of cat vaccinations

The cost for cat and kitten vaccinations can vary considerably depending on the type of vaccine and your location. However, as a rough guide, cat vaccinations in Australia are usually in the range of $80 to $150 each. We suggest you check with your local vet clinic to find out their specific vaccination prices.

If you have pet insurance, you may be covered for part of your cat vaccination costs. Bow Wow Meow’s Routine Care Cover provides a contribution to some of the vaccination costs. Learn more about our Routine Care Cover here. To see how much pet insurance is for your cat, get a quote from Bow Wow Meow.

Is the cost of vaccination worth it? Bear in mind that if your kitten or cat needs to be hospitalised a a result of catching a life threatening disease, the cost for treatment can run into the thousands. Vaccination helps saves lives and prevents the grief and expenses associated with your cat catching a nasty illness.

Do indoor cats need to be vaccinated?

If you have an indoor cat that doesn’t have any contact with other cats or animals outside your house, you should discuss with your vet if all the usual cat vaccinations will be required.

Certain diseases, like Feline Respiratory Disease and Feline Enteritis, can only be contracted from other cats. While these two diseases might not be an issue for your indoor cat, if you are planning to take your cat to boarding or even to the vet where other sick cats have been, she might still be at risk.

 

Worried about over-vaccinating? Titre testing may be an option…

Over the last decade there has been increasing debate concerning the over-vaccination of pets. One argument is that depending on the vaccine, immunity can last significantly longer than twelve months. Some pet owners therefore worry about vaccinating their cats while they still have immunity from the previous time.

If you are concerned, you can talk to your vet about titre testing, which tests the levels of remaining antibodies in your cat’s blood. To check these remaining levels, a small blood sample is taken and send to a laboratory. If antibody levels are shown to be sufficient, you can delay the vaccinations; if not, you will need to vaccinate your cat.

 

In a nutshell

While you may wonder if immunisation is really necessary or you may find it costly, it is an essential part of ensuring your cat lives a happy and healthy life.

There are a range of different levels and types of vaccines available, and not all may be necessary for your cat. Always speak to your vet who will consider your cat’s location and lifestyle when providing the recommended schedule for your individual cat.

 

Remember, whilst immunisations can never be 100% effective, they are a highly effective way of preventing the stress, heartache and cost of your cat contracting a major disease. Seeking out pet insurance is a great way to help cover these costs. Bow Wow Meow can help you with Routine Care cover to contribute towards some of these costs. For more details of Routine Care cover and Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance cover, refer to the Product Disclosure Statement.

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*Please note, any pet insurance advice provided is general only. Refer to the applicable Product Disclosure Statement for details of Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance cover.