The Fox Terrier is a small sized dog that comes in two varieties: Smooth Fox Terrier and Wire Fox Terrier. The Smooth Fox Terrier has a smooth and silky coat while the Wire Fox Terrier is double-coated and has a rougher coat with longer fur on the body and face.
Both varieties of Fox Terriers tend to not shed as much hair and are quite low maintenance. The Smooth Fox Terrier needs to be groomed only occasionally while the Wire Fox Terrier should be groomed more regularly due to its coat. Both breeds come in blended colours of white, black, beige, brown, and dark brown.
Female Fox Terriers usually weigh up to 7 kg and males can reach up to 9 kg. Both the wire and smooth breeds can grow up to 35 cm. The average lifespan of Fox Terriers is 10 to 15 years, but some are known to live longer.
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Fox Terriers were originally used as fox hunting dogs. Their historical roots are reflected in their personality today because Fox Terriers are very active, alert, fast, defensive and intelligent. They love to get themselves in harmless trouble because they have a cheeky personality. Fox Terriers defensive nature also means they bark more than usual at basically anything unfamiliar that moves.
Fox Terriers are extremely easy to train and require less effort than other breeds. Their history as hunters shows their devout loyalty for humans and that’s why it is so easy to train them. Be sure to take them on walks to new places because Fox Terriers love exploring new places.
Children and this breed get along extremely well. Fox Terriers think of themselves as children so they have a strong desire to play fun games with kids. Just be sure to remind your child not to tease or grab your Fox Terrier’s food and toys. High-pitched screaming, running, and food snatching can trigger the breed’s hunting instinct and they can bite.
Fox Terriers can have a strong bond with other cats and dogs if they are introduced to each other at a young age. A mature Fox Terrier can see new cats and dogs as a threat when they reach an older age. Rodent-like animals can appear as food to this breed, so keep them far away from each other.
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The exact timeframe when Fox Terriers were first bred is untraceable; however, the earliest official proof of them comes from 1790 when Colonel Thornton received a painting of his dog Pitch – who was actually a Smooth Fox Terrier.
Fox Terriers became a popular dog to own in the late 18th century England when fox hunting became a popular pastime. Before this, it is believed that Fox Terriers were loveable companions for royalty and they even got involved in the entertainment industry, particularly circuses and movies.
Even though the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Wire Fox Terrier appear to have the same historical roots, it is believed that the two have different ancestors. The Wire Fox Terrier is said to have come from Wales, Derbyshire, and Durham.
The first fleet of Smooth Fox Terriers travelling to the US happened in 1879 and Wire Fox Terriers came a few years later. In 1885, Fox Terriers became registered in the American Kennel Club.