|Singles, families, the elderly
|The Pug Dog
|12 to 15 years
|Loyal, playful & loving
|Tendency to bark
|This breed has an average probability of having health issues in its lifetime, hence it is one of the more affordable breeds to insure.
The Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds, believed to have originated over 2,000 years ago; however there is much debate over when and where it first appeared. It is widely accepted that Pugs or similar dogs were popular during the Chinese Song Dynasty.
In the 16th century they were imported to Europe and became very popular among European nobility; in fact, the breed became the official dog of the House of Orange after the Prince of Orange was rescued by a Pug named Pompey in 1572, having alerted him to the presence of assassins.
Pugs became vert well established all over Europe – they have been depicted in England, Spain, Italy and France. They were often employed as guard dogs and the military used them to track animals and people.
English painter William Hogarth owned many Pugs, which are often depicted in his works, and Napoleon Bonaparte’s wife Josephine used her Pug to carry messages to her family while she was imprisoned.
In the 19th century, Queen Victoria bred many Pugs, and her passion for the breed was inherited by her grandson King George V and great-grandson King Edward VIII. Her breeding efforts are credited with the development of the Pug we see today.
The Pug is a small breed of dog known for its wrinkly face and tightly curled tail. Modern Pugs tend to have square, compact bodies with deep chests, strong legs, small feet and well-formed muscles.
Pugs have either “rose-” or “button-” shaped ears. (‘Button ears’ ear flaps fold forward, with the tip lying close to skull to cover opening. ‘Rose ears’ are small drop ear which fold over and back to reveal the burr.)
The Pug’s lower teeth often sit further forward than the upper, and as a result most Pugs have under bites. The large round head, big, sparkling eyes, and wrinkled brow give Pugs a range of human-like expressions.
Their coat is fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy. It is most often is fawn-coloured, but can also come in apricot fawn with a black face mask, silver, and black.
|Male 6 to 9 kg, female 6 to 8 kg
|Male 30 to 36 cm, female 25 to 30 cm
|Silver, apricot, fawn or black
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Even-tempered, charming and happy, Pugs are well-suited to many types of owners, including elderly people and families with young children. They were bred to be companion dogs and provide people with company, so are very loyal, affectionate and loving towards their owners and often follow them wherever they go. They are quite lazy by nature and tend to enjoy napping, which can make them a great low-maintenance companion.
They love being everywhere you are and are happiest living with you in your house and going with you when you go out. If you are unwilling or unable to share your life, house and in some cases your bed with a dog, then a pug is not for you. If you are away from your Pug for many hours a day, they are unable to do their job (of being your companion) and become bored and develop behavioural issues. They will tolerate being left at home alone for short periods of time, but a pug exiled to the backyard for extended periods of time is not a happy pug.
Pugs make good apartment dogs. They do not cope well in hot or cold weather and therefore should be kept indoors at a comfortable temperature. They must sleep indoors in a soft doggy bed (or in yours, if allowed!). Also, they tend to have rather poor road sense, so it is imperative that they are kept indoors or in an enclosed outdoor space.
Though strong-willed, Pugs are very rarely aggressive and are very fond of children. Mischievous, affectionate and playful, with an almost human-like personality, they usually get along well with young kids.
Pugs generally get along well with other pets and are good with other dogs. In fact, a pug will settle much more and be more content if they have a ‘furry friend’ in the household.
Pugs can be quiet, placid and relatively inactive, but are also playful and lively at times. Given that they can be prone to obesity, owners should keep their Pug fit with daily opportunities for moderate exercise, such as walks or play sessions in the yard.
It’s essential to remember that as a short-faced breed, Pugs aren’t able to tolerate hot weather, and they can not be exercised in the heat. It’s far better for them to be indoors with the air-conditioner on. Unfortunately, swimming is not an option – most pugs can not swim and will drown easily.
Pugs live to please their people, so they are generally easy to train. Their feelings are easily hurt, and harsh training methods should never be used. Early socialisation and puppy training classes are recommended.
The Pug should do well on a high-quality dog food that is appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior) and activity level.
Pugs live to eat and are prone to obesity, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Given the opportunity, a Pug will happily spend much of the day snuggling on the sofa, which, combined with the breed’s fondness for eating, makes obesity a real possibility.
Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet.
The Pug’s short, smooth, glossy coat sheds year round and tends to shed heavily about twice a year. Their coats are quite easy to groom with a firm bristle brush to remove loose hair and only need to be bathed when necessary (although they should be dried immediately as they are sensitive to temperature).
Because pugs eyes are so large and prominent and they have no muzzle to protect them, they need particular care and monitoring. Their facial creases and nose rolls need to be cleaned frequently. Many pugs dislike their toe nails being cut so regular trips to a groomer or vet may be necessary for this purpose.
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Jam packed with news, tips and advice on how to provide the best possible care for your Bow Wow or Meow!
Pug Club of New South Wales Inc: http://www.pugclubofnsw.com/
Pug Club of South Australia Inc: http://www.pugclubofsa.com/
Pug Club of Victoria Inc: pugclubofvictoria.com.au
Pug Rescue and Adoption Victoria Inc: http://www.pugrescue.org.au/
Pugs SOS: https://pugs-sos.com/
Pug Patrol Rescue Australia: https://www.pugpatrolrescueaustralia.com.au/