Recommended for: Singles, families
Maintenance Level: Low
Lifespan: 12-15 years
Temperament: Independent, loyal
Health Risk: This breed has an around average probability of having health issues in its lifetime, hence it is one of the more affordable breeds to insure.
There are three varieties of Miniature Dachshunds including shorthaired, wirehaired and longhaired and each of these varieties do shed. They have a long muzzle and almost shaped eyes that can either be dark red or black-brown.
The short-haired Miniature Dachshund’s coat is sleek and shiny and Miniature Dachshund puppies can come in a variety of colours including red or cream, black and chocolate, dapple, sable, piebald, brindle, and wildboar. Short-haired Miniature Dachshunds are usually black, chocolate, wild boar, grey or fawn with tan or cream markings.
The Miniature Dachshund or Doxie as it is affectionately known, has loveable temperament with a bright personality. They love nothing better than curling up under a blanket with their owners and they also love the company of other dogs, especially another Dachshund. They also make great watchdogs.
The Miniature Dachshund weighs about 4.9 kgs at the age of 12 months and they stand at about 13 to 18 cms.
Dachshund’s have an average lifespan of 12 to 15 years.
MINIATURE DACHSHUND HISTORY
The Miniature Dachshund emanated from Germany where they were known as badger dogs. In fact the word ‘dachs’ translate to badger and the word ‘hund’ translates to dog in German. There are illustrations of Dachshunds dating back to the 15th Century. There are also documents that talk about the breed of dog called the earth dog, dachsel and badger creeper.
Because of their low flat body there are stories of Dachshunds hunting foxes as they could crawl into their dens. At the time the size of the Dachshund varied and larger dogs were used to catch badgers and track wild boar and the smaller dogs were used to hunt foxes and deer and sometimes rabbits.
The breed was refined in Germany over a number of years. The dog was known as the ‘Teckel’ to German foresters during the 18th and 19th centuries. The smooth hair breed was created by crossing the Braque, the Pinscher and a small terrier. It has been reported that the French Basset Hound was also considered to be part of the Dachshund’s heritage. Dachshunds with long coats were probably developed by crossing the dogs with spaniels and the wired haired Dachshunds most likely emanated from crossing the dog with wirehair terriers.
During the 1800s Dachshunds were bred more for pets than hunters. They were loved by the people of Great Britain including Queen Victoria. Their popularity resulted in the breeding of smaller Dachshunds resulting in the miniature dachshund that we know today.
The German Dachshund Club was founded in 1888 and the first Dachshund Club of American was founded in 1895. During World War 1 and World War II the Dachshund’s popularity floundered in the United Kingdom because they were associated with the Germans.
Very small dachshunds were originally used for hunting rabbits in the 1900s. In 1910 stricter breeder criterias were adopted related to size. The Miniature Dachshund remains a popular dog right across the world.
MINIATURE DACHSHUND TEMPERAMENT
The Miniature Dachshund has in independent nature and this may make them a challenge to train. They make great family pets and are loyal companions. Persistence is the key in training a Dachshund and if you start early you will be able to achieve basic obedience training.
It’s always best to keep your Miniature Dachshund on the lead during walks because they have a strong hunting drive and will take off if they catch a scent. While they are suitable for families it is wise to supervise young children because the Miniature Dachshund’s long back can be injured if he is not handled with care.
Miniature Dachshunds make wonderful companion dogs for older people and they don’t require a huge amount of exercise.
COMMON MINIATURE DACHSHUND DISEASES AND CONDITIONS – SYMPTOMS, DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT & PICTURES
- Intervertebral Disc Disease
This is a condition that occurs when the disc between the vertebras becomes damaged, causing swelling and leaking. Common symptoms include: inactivity or lethargic behaviour, shivering, limping, or the inability to bend down to eat. If you notice these behaviours, get in touch with your vet.
Epilepsy is a disease that can occur in Dachshunds and it can either be hereditary or the result of a knock to the head. If your Dachshund suffers seizure its best to see your vet as soon as possible.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy
Progressive retinal atrophy refers to a family of eye conditions which lead to the gradual deterioration of the retina, causing first night blindness, then full blindness. There is no cure, but many dogs adapt easily to the loss of sight and can lead relatively normal lives, as long as their environment does not change too drastically.
- Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
Also known as bloat, gastric dilatation-volvulus is a deadly condition. Risk is increased if the dog is fed one large meal a day, eats quickly, drinks large amounts of water or exercises after eating. The stomach twists, making the dog unable to belch or vomit to get rid of excess air, and as a result the blood supply to the heart is impaired. Unless immediately attended to, the dog may die. Symptoms of bloat include a distended belly, excessive drooling, dry having, restlessness, exhaustion, weakness and a quick heart rate.
- Cushings Disease
This condition can occur due to an imbalance in the pituitary or adrenal gland or when the dog has too much cortisol as the result of other conditions. The symptoms of this disease include excess urination and excess drinking.
Diabetes occurs when the body cannot regulate blood levels. Affected dogs do not lose their appetite, but will often lose weight, urinate a lot and get thirsty often. It is treated with a special diet and insulin.
INTERESTING DACHSHUND FACTS
- Miniature Dachshunds can suffer from slipped discs so don’t let them jump from high places.
- Like a lot of small dogs, Miniature Dachshunds have big attitudes and can be a bit stubborn.
- The Miniature Dachshund is recognised by the American Kennel Club.
- The nickname in Australia for the Dachshund is the ‘sausage dog’. In the case of the Miniature Dachshund it could be the mini sausage dog.
- Miniature Dachshunds can tend to put on weight so it’s good to make sure they have a healthy diet and plenty of exercise.
The Dachshund Club of Queensland: http://www.dachshundclubqld.com/html/links.html
The Dachshund Club of NSW: http://www.dachshundclub.org.au/
Miniature Dachshund Pet Insurance Quote
Getting pet insurance for your Miniature Dachshund will help ensure you can always afford the best vet care for them. Bow Wow Meow offers a range of flexible pet insurance options including cover for accidental injury, illness and routine care.
Wondering how much it would cost to insure your Miniature Dachshund if you got one? It’s quick and easy to get a quote.
(Note: dogs must be over 8 weeks old to take out insurance, so please enter a birth date to reflect this when getting an indicative quote.)