Miniature Schnauzer

Recommended for: Families
Maintenance Level: Medium
Lifespan: 13-15 years
Stubborn, intelligent
Health Risk:
This breed has an around average probability of having health issues in its lifetime, hence it is one of the less expensive breeds to insure.
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Breed Overview

The Miniature Schnauzer is a popular small dog with a huge personality and loads of energy.  This dog is very popular right around the world and the Miniature Schnauzer often makes 20 top most popular dog lists.

The Miniature Schnauzer has a strong personality so it is important that he is trained to understand his place in the home.  This dog requires a fair amount of exercise to ensure that don’t become bored and destructive.

The top coat of the Miniature Schnauzer is very wiry the dog shedding very little hair if any.  That makes the Miniature Schnauzer a good dog for allergy sufferers.  Regular brushing will keep the dog’s coat in top form and clipping every few weeks will help maintain the Miniature Schnauzer’s appearance.

Miniature Schnauzers come in three colours including black, salt and pepper and black and silver.  They have bushy eye brows and both male and female Miniature Schnauzers have long fur around their mouths that looks like a beard.

The male Miniature Schnauzer weighs between 5 kg and 8 kgs and the female weights between 4.5 kg and 6.8 kgs.  The male Miniature Schnauzer stands at about 36 cms and the female stands at about 33 cms.

Miniature Schnauzers live to an average age of 13-15 years.

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Personality and Temperament

Miniature Schnauzers can be a bit of a challenge to train as they can be a bit stubborn.  But, the dogs are also highly intelligent and inquisitive so a commitment to training will lead to positive results.

Training should start when the Miniature Schnauzer is a puppy but training for an extensive period of time is not encourage because if there is too much repetition they can become bored.

It is important that the Miniature Schnauzer learns his place in the house and that human leadership is established.  These dogs can also be trained to carry out agility or tracking work.

While they love an active lifestyle the Miniature Schnauzer is also happy to curl up on the lounge for a nap with their owners.  The Miniature Schnauzer is also a good dog for apartment living as long as they receive regular exercise and daily walks.

Miniature Schnauzers have a good reputation around children but they can be a bit wary of strangers.  It has been reported that Miniature Schnauzers don’t really need the company of another dog to keep them happy, they are more than happy spending time with their family.

Miniature Schnauzers have been known to bark a fair bit so it’s important that the dog is kept active so they don’t become bored.

Common Miniature Schnauzer Diseases & Conditions

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

  • Cataracts. Like in humans, canine cataracts refer to a cloudy membrane forming over they eye causing vision impairment. They can be removed surgically.
  • Entropion occurs when skin around the eyes rolls inward causing vision loss and irritation.  While Entropion usually occurs before the dog is one year old it is best to wait till the dog reaches adulthood before considering corrective surgery.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA). This is a disease that will occur in Miniature Schnauzers and can lead to blindness.  The nerve cells at the back of the eye degenerate over time and will cause cataracts to form. If you suspect your dog has signs of PRA, see your vet for observation as soon as possible. If there is still vision in the eye, corrective surgery may be an option.
  • Bladder Stones. Miniature and Standard Schnauzers may experience bladder stones, symptoms of which include painful urination, bloody urine, more frequent urination or foul-smelling cloudy urine. Smaller stones can pass by themselves, but affected dogs should still see a vet.
  • Myotonia congenita is an inherited condition not unlike muscular dystrophy. Signs include prominent shoulder and thigh muscles, difficulty rising, stiff coats, and hopping when running.
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease causes clotting problems in the blood. Failure for the blood to clot properly can cause excessive loss of blood after a cut, surgery or trauma and can result in a number of serious health issues.
  • Congenital megaesophagus is a disorder which causes food and liquid to remain in the oesophagus, and the dog has to regurgitate its food.  It can lead to pneumonia and obstruction of the oesophagus. There is no treatment aside from adjusting the diet slightly and prognosis is usually poor.

Not all conditions are covered by Pet Insurance. For details of Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance cover, refer to the Product Disclosure Statement.

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The Miniature Schnauzer is a descendant of the Standard Schnauzer and it said that it also includes Affenpinscher and Poodle in its ancestry.   In addition to this gene pool there is speculation that the Miniature Schnauzer contains elements of Miniature Pinschers, Wire Fox Terriers and Zwergspitz.

It is thought that Miniature Schnauzers date back to the 1400s, but they did not achieve breed recognition until the late 1800s.  On the other hand it has been suggested that very early Miniature Schnauzers were in fact just small standard Schnauzers.

Georg Riehl and Heinrich Schott are the men who miniaturised the standard Schnauzer through cross breeding in Germany.  Records show that the first Mini Schnauzer was listed in 1888 with the breed appearing in dog shows in 1899.

The Miniature Schnauzer is the ultimate rat catcher and the dog was developed and used around farms for this specific purpose.  The German word ‘schnauze’ means muzzle.

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Miniature Schnauzer Facts!

  • Miniature Schnauzers love to chase and catch things so always remember to keep the dog on a lead when out walking.
  • Miniature Schnauzers love to chase and catch things so always remember to keep the dog on a lead when out walking.
  • Celebrity Miniature Schnauzers owners include Senator Bob Dole, Mary Tyler Moore and actors Bill Cosby and Bruce Lee.

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