Diseases & conditions

The Bow Wow team has compiled a library of useful articles about the various diseases and conditions that commonly affect dogs and cats in Australia.

You can search for articles below by selecting a category or enter a relevant keyword.

Search Diseases & conditions articles

Showing 1 - 69 of 69 articles
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February 21, 2019

Urethral disorder in cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Urethral disorder in cats
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February 21, 2019

Renal (kidney) disorder in dogs and cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Renal (kidney) disorder in dogs and cats
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February 20, 2019

Nail disorder and torn nails in dogs and cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Nail disorder and torn nails in dogs and cats
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February 14, 2019

Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS)

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS)
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February 14, 2019

Sarcoma in dogs

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Sarcoma in dogs
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February 14, 2019

Intervertebral disc disorder (IVDD) in dogs

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Intervertebral disc disorder (IVDD) in dogs
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February 14, 2019

Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) in dogs and cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) in dogs and cats
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February 13, 2019

Hepatobiliary system disorders in cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Hepatobiliary system disorders in cats
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February 12, 2019

Feline Asthma or Feline Allergic Airway disease (FAAD)

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Feline Asthma or Feline Allergic Airway disease (FAAD)
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February 12, 2019

Epilepsy in dogs and cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Epilepsy in dogs and cats
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February 7, 2019

Canine ear (aural) disease

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Canine ear (aural) disease
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February 5, 2019

Biliary tract disorder in cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Biliary tract disorder in cats
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February 5, 2019

Anal sac disorder in dogs

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Anal sac disorder in dogs
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February 5, 2019

Abscess from a bite in cats and dogs

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Abscess from a bite in cats and dogs
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January 7, 2019

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is a condition where the conjunctiva membrane in the eye area is inflamed. Read more on symptoms & treatments of Conjunctivitis in dogs.

Read more about Conjunctivitis
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December 5, 2018

Dermatitis in dogs and cats

Dermatitis is a condition that can affect both dogs and cats. Learn more about atopic and contact dermatitis and know the best treatment for your pet.

Read more about Dermatitis in dogs and cats
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October 30, 2018

Pneumonia in cats

Pneumonia is a respiratory disease which is characterised by an inflammation of the lungs and bronchi, the airways which feed air into the lungs.

Read more about Pneumonia in cats
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October 30, 2018

Gait abnormality

A dog’s gait is the pattern of repetitive limb motions. Learn how you can identify a gait abnormality in your dog, symptoms, signs, treatment and more.

Read more about Gait abnormality
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October 30, 2018

Pancreatitis in cats

Pancreatitis, is a relatively common disease in both dogs and cats with no clear specific cause of the condition. Read about feline pancreatitis treatment.

Read more about Pancreatitis in cats
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October 30, 2018

Mast cell tumours in dogs

Mast cell tumours in dogs are the most common type of dog skin cancer found. Read about dog life expectancy, what to look out for, symptoms and treatment.

Read more about Mast cell tumours in dogs
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October 30, 2018

Colitis in felines

Colitis in cats is a chronic bowel disease resulting from inflammation of the colon causing discomfort and diarrhea. Learn more about feline colitis here.

Read more about Colitis in felines
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October 30, 2018

Feline constipation

Although uncomfortable constipation is one of the most common digestive problems associated with felines. Learn more about cat constipation, signs & causes.

Read more about Feline constipation
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October 30, 2018

Corneal Ulcer

The cornea is the transparent outer membrane that protects the front of the eye, including the iris (coloured part of the eye). The cornea is made up of three layers of highly specialised skin cells.

Read more about Corneal Ulcer
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October 30, 2018

Megacolon in cats

Just like humans, cats can also suffer from megacolon or constipation. Find the right treatment for your cat and learn about causes, signs & symptoms.

Read more about Megacolon in cats
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October 29, 2018

Dew Claws On Dogs: Clipping Dew Claws vs Keeping Them

Dew claws are short nails on the site of the foot that don’t touch the ground. They are often referred to as a dog’s thumb, but they have a lot less purpose and value to a dog than a human’s thumb does.

Read more about Dew Claws On Dogs: Clipping Dew Claws vs Keeping Them
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October 29, 2018

Otitis externa

Otitis externa is a common disorder of the ear in dogs and cats. It is not a disease but a collection of symptoms that are secondary to a disease or infection.

Read more about Otitis externa
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October 29, 2018

Osteoarthritis in dogs

The most common form of arthritis in dogs is osteoarthritis, also known as “OA”, rheumatism or degenerative joint disease (DJD).

Read more about Osteoarthritis in dogs
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October 29, 2018

Eye (ocular) anomaly in dogs and cats

In medical terminology, an anomaly is an abnormality that is present at birth. An eye or ocular anomaly is a defect affecting the structure of the eye that is evident at birth, or shortly after. This is also known as a congenital disorder or birth defect.

Read more about Eye (ocular) anomaly in dogs and cats
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October 29, 2018

Keratoconjunctivis sicca (KCS) in cats

Keratoconjunctivis sicca (KCS) is an eye disease that is also commonly referred to as “dry eye.” KCS is an inflammation of the cornea, which is the clear, transparent front of the eye, and the conjunctiva, which is the delicate membrane lining the eye, brought about by dryness of the eye.

Read more about Keratoconjunctivis sicca (KCS) in cats
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October 29, 2018

Lymphadenopathy in cats

Lymphadenopathy in cats is also known as swollen lymph nodes. Learn more about the types of inflammation in cats, symptoms, causes, diagnosis & treatment.

Read more about Lymphadenopathy in cats
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October 29, 2018

Protein losing enteropathy (PLE) in dogs

Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) refers to an excessive loss of protein from the bloodstream in the intestinal tract. The word “enteropathy” means any disease of the intestinal system. Protein losing enteropathy is not a specific disease but rather a syndrome associated with several gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in dogs that result in a loss of protein from the intestines.

Read more about Protein losing enteropathy (PLE) in dogs
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October 29, 2018

Respiratory tract infection (RTIs) in cats

A respiratory tract infection (RTIs) is an infectious disease that can affect the nose, sinuses and throat (upper respiratory tract) or the airways or lungs (lower respiratory tract). 

Read more about Respiratory tract infection (RTIs) in cats
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October 29, 2018

Squamous cell carcinoma in dogs

Carcinomas are cancers that develop in cells which cover the internal organs and outer surfaces of the body. A squamous cell carcinoma is a form of skin cancer; more specifically it is a malignant tumour in the epidermal cells of the skin.

Read more about Squamous cell carcinoma in dogs
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October 29, 2018

Stop the itching – What you need to know about allergies in dogs

What you need to know about allergies in dogs.

Read more about Stop the itching – What you need to know about allergies in dogs
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October 29, 2018

Vomiting

Dogs and cats vomit for a wide variety of reasons.  Sometimes they may have eaten something that didn’t agree with them or maybe they ate too fast. 

Read more about Vomiting
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October 29, 2018

Tapeworm

A tapeworm is a parasite; a long worm that attaches itself to your dog or cat’s intestines using a system of suckers or muscular grooves.

Read more about Tapeworm
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October 29, 2018

Roundworms

Roundworms, also commonly referred to as ‘worms’ are an extremely common parasitic worm found in both cats and dogs.

Read more about Roundworms
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October 29, 2018

Patellar luxation

Luxation of the patellar is a condition where the kneecap moves out of its correct position, causing the animal a great deal of pain. Dogs can often kick the patella back into place but, if not corrected, the condition can lead to lameness.

Read more about Patellar luxation
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October 29, 2018

Parvovirus

The Parvovirus, Parvo, or Canine Parvovirus is a highly contagious and very serious viral infection that attacks a dog’s immune system.

Read more about Parvovirus
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October 29, 2018

Paralysis Tick

The Paralysis Tick or Ixodes Holocyclusis is the only tick species in Australia that poses a real threat to pets.

Read more about Paralysis Tick
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October 29, 2018

Mange

Mange or demodex is an irritating skin disease, caused by parasitic mites, that is common in both cats and dogs.

Read more about Mange
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October 29, 2018

Dr Jo’s top 5 pet health tips

In this column, our resident vet and pet lover, Dr Jo, shares some of her insights for keeping your pets happy, fit and healthy.

Read more about Dr Jo’s top 5 pet health tips
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October 29, 2018

Luxating Patella

Patella luxation is a very common issue among dogs (and rarely among cats) of all ages and breeds, though it is known to affect smaller breeds such as Pomeranians and Chihuahuas more commonly than larger breeds and there appears to be a higher rate of occurrence among female dogs.

Read more about Luxating Patella
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October 29, 2018

Cardiac disease in cats

The heart and blood vessels (arteries and veins) are part of the cardiovascular system.

Read more about Cardiac disease in cats
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October 29, 2018

Kennel Cough

Kennel Cough or infectious tracheobronchitis is a common infection that affects both dogs and cats. Kennel Cough is a contagious condition; it is caused by a mix of bad bacteria and viruses that targets the animal’s respiratory system.

Read more about Kennel Cough
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October 29, 2018

Arthritis in dogs and cats

 Arthritis is a general term for abnormal changes in a joint. Usually it relates to inflammation of the joint, which hampers movement and causes discomfort and pain.

Read more about Arthritis in dogs and cats
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October 29, 2018

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common condition among dogs, particularly large and giant breeds. Small dogs can be affected but they are less likely to show signs.

Read more about Hip Dysplasia
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October 29, 2018

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) describes a group of diseases affecting the bladder and urethra of cats which show similar clinical signs.

Read more about Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)
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October 29, 2018

Heartworm

Heartworms are long, parasitic worms that live and grow to great lengths in an animal’s heart and lungs.

Read more about Heartworm
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October 29, 2018

FIV – Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, also commonly known as FIV is a virus that is passed between cats through contact with the saliva, usually via bites and scratches.

Read more about FIV – Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
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October 29, 2018

Dog Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a cancer which grows in the immune system’s lymphocyte cells. These white blood cells play an essential role in protecting the body from diseases.

Read more about Dog Lymphoma
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October 29, 2018

Dog Seizures

Seizures or convulsions in dogs is usually caused by a neurological condition that causes recurrent seizures.

Read more about Dog Seizures
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October 29, 2018

Urolithiasis

Urolithiasis is the medical term for the presence of stones, also known as calculi or uroliths, in the urinary tract.

Read more about Urolithiasis
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October 29, 2018

Dog Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis in dogs or canine pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is an important part of the digestive system as it produces the enzymes needed to digest food properly.

Read more about Dog Pancreatitis
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October 29, 2018

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy literally means disease of the heart muscle. Canines suffer from two types of cardiomyopathy: dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Read more about Cardiomyopathy
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October 29, 2018

Dog Ear Infection

Ear problems are one of the most common conditions brought to vets. Often, ear problems are linked with allergies, but may be indicative of a more serious issue.

Read more about Dog Ear Infection
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October 29, 2018

Dog Constipation

Dogs usually pass about one or two stools a day, though it is not uncommon for some dogs to go a couple of days without a bowel movement. Constipation occurs in most dogs at one time or another, and fortunately most cases are not serious and can be treated quite easily.

Read more about Dog Constipation
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October 29, 2018

Cruciate disease in dogs and cats

Cruciate disease is the deterioration of the stifle (knee) joint, resulting from the sudden or progressive injury to the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL). It is one of the most common and most debilitating orthopaedic diseases seen in dogs but is far less common in cats.

Read more about Cruciate disease in dogs and cats
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October 29, 2018

Distemper

Canine distemper is a highly contagious and often fatal disease that can affect dogs. It is an airborne virus that is also spread through contact with items like clothing, dog brushes, shared food, shared water bowls or other utensils.   

Read more about Distemper
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October 29, 2018

Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea – frequent liquid or loose bowel movements – can be caused by a number of different illnesses and some of them can be serious, but it is also a very common occurrence after a change in diet or environment.

Read more about Diarrhoea
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October 29, 2018

Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease)

Hyperadrenocorticism, or Cushing’s disease, is one of the most common endocrine disorders that affects dogs.

Read more about Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease)
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October 29, 2018

Cherry Eye

Cherry Eye or ‘third eyelid’ is a disorder that occurs when the nictitating membrane or third eyelid is released from its position and protrudes out over part of the eye.

Read more about Cherry Eye
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October 29, 2018

Alimentary foreign body in dogs and cats

The alimentary canal, also known as the digestive or gastrointestinal tract, is the long tube of the digestive system that extends from the mouth to the anus, through which food passes, digestion takes place and wastes are eliminated.

Read more about Alimentary foreign body in dogs and cats
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October 29, 2018

Trichobezoar (Hairball obstruction)

A trichobezoar, also known as a hairball or furball, is a long cylindrical mass of hair that forms in the stomach. It is normal for cats to vomit up the occasional trichobezoar, particularly longer haired cats.

Read more about Trichobezoar (Hairball obstruction)
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October 29, 2018

Dog Coughing

Dog coughing is one of the most common complaints that veterinarians hear day-to-day. Just like human beings, the reason for coughing in dogs varies greatly and could mean very little or something more serious; it depends on a number of factors.

Read more about Dog Coughing
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October 29, 2018

Cushing’s Disease

Hyperadrenocorticism (more commonly known as Cushing’s disease) is a condition which causes excessive production of the hormone cortisol by the adrenal glands (situated in the belly, near the kidneys). The disease seldom affects cats and is more common in dogs, especially young dogs.

Read more about Cushing’s Disease
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October 29, 2018

Addison’s Disease

Addison’s disease is a deficiency of cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal gland) or aldosterone (a steroid produced by the adrenal gland).

Read more about Addison’s Disease
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October 29, 2018

Cat Scratch Disease

Cat Scratch Disease or CSD as it’s commonly known is a severe bacterial infection that is passed from cats to humans and causes swelling of the lymph nodes. The infection is known as Cat Scratch Disease because it is passed on by means of scratches, licking or biting. Over 90% of all Cat Scratch Disease cases have been due to contact with a cat or kitten.

Read more about Cat Scratch Disease
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October 29, 2018

Cat Hyperthyroidism

Cat Hyperthyroidism is a common illness in cats over 10 years of age.  It is the result of an increase in the production of thyroid hormones from the thyroid glands. 

Read more about Cat Hyperthyroidism

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